N+2: Der Schneemann - Hans Fischerkoesen (1944)

01 mayo 2012

Der Schneemann - Hans Fischerkoesen (1944)

El Hombre de nieve / The Snowman (Snowman in July)
Sin diálogos / No Dialogue

Es pleno invierno y un hombre de nieve cobra vida; en su aventura encontrará un calendario que hará nacer en él el deseo de ver con sus propios ojos la primavera.

Cortometraje escrito por el caricaturista Horst von Möllendorff; fue elaborado hacia el final del periodo nazi con la intención de ser, en alguna medida, una contraparte apolítica de Disney. Después de acabada la guerra, la copia original fue confiscada por los Aliados y se la consideró botín de guerra.

"THE SNOWMAN is a fascinating animated short, with an even more interesting history. Created in Nazi Germany by beleagured artist Fischerkoesen (...), THE SNOWMAN was first seen in the U.S. in after 1944, under the title SNOWMAN IN JULY, confiscated by the Allies as pop-culture war booty!(...)

About the director (from IMDb): Hans Fischerkoesen was born Hans Fischer in Bad Koesen, Germany. A sickly child, he was encouraged by his parents to indulge in such indoor activities as drawing and puppetry. His asthma kept him from active service during WWI, but he did work in a hospital near the front. His experiences there haunted him for the rest of his life. In the 1920s Fischerkoesen turned to advertising, developing earlier animated cartoons for German merchants. He later established his Fischerkoesen Studio in Leipzig to produce advertising animation. After the Nazis passed an edict in 1941 declaring most non-German art "degenerate", Fischerkoesen was forced by the German government to relocate to Potsdam, near UFA studios, and began producing theatrical cartoons. Despite governmental control, Fischerkoesen managed to keep his productions free of Nazi propaganda. When the war ended, Fischerkoesen was imprisoned by the Soviets as a possible Nazi sympathizer, despite the fact that he had been a member of the Underground. He was released after three years imprisonment, and later escaped to West Germany, where he re-established his advertising animation studio. Fischerkoesen spent the remainder of his life working in advertising, receiving many awards for his work."

"After World War II started, the trickle of cartoons produced by German studios was not enough to cover the loss of Disney and other American product. To rectify the situation, in 1941 the Nazi government called for the establishment of a strong German animation industry capable of producing both color cartoons and animated features. Thus, all able animators were commanded to step up production and focus on theatrically viable cartoons. Among the filmmakers called into action was Hans Fischerkoesen, who was among the most distinguished animators remaining in Germany between 1933 and 1945, and whose work during the war years included a trio of remarkable films: Verwitterte Melodie (Weather-beaten Melody, 1942), Der Schneemann (The Snowman, 1943) and Das dumme Gänslein (The Silly Goose, 1944).(...)"

"Der Schneemann" was a work of Hans Fischerkösen for the NSDAP Regime, especially for Goebbel. Hitler was very deceived, Germans were not able to create a pendant to the very successful Mickey Mouse. So he asked Goebbels to set up a counterpart to Disney. One of the first, and few apolitic comic films of this period, "Der Schneemann" is a wonderful story of a snow-man who wants to see one time in his life the wonderful colors of spring, knowing well that the sun will melt him. A wonderful film, although now 60 years old, still very funny."
mhl1 (IMDb)




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