12 mayo 2012

Boogie-Doodle - Norman McLaren (1948)


Sin Diálogos / No Dialogue

Film animado hecho sin el uso de una cámara, dibujando las formas directamente sobre el celuloide con tinta común. "Boogie", que es la música, fue interpretada por Albert Ammons, pianista afroamericano de jazz y "Doodle" son los dibujos, elaborados por Norman McLaren, que combinados logran exitosamente el experimento rítmico, brillante y colorido que es este film. El escocés Norman McLaren es uno, sino el más, importante expositor del género del film abstracto y experimental en el periodo de las guerras mundiales.
 

A finales de los años 30 y comienzo de los 40, McLaren empezó a experimentar con el sonido sintético y desarrolló un gran número de "efectos semi-musicales". Después de trabajar de manera independiente esta misma época, se unió al renombrado "National Film Board of Canadá" y comenzó a desarrollar innovadoras técnicas que eliminaban la necesidada de cámara y requerían que el artista dibujara directamente sobre la película. McLaren también creó el concepto de "sonido animado", una forma de sonido "visible" hecho sintéticamente y dibujado a mano directamente sobre las pistas de sonido de la película.

Sus amplias investigaciones y experimentos, tanto en sonido como en imágen, convirtieron a Norman McLaren en una figura de vital importancia dentro la historia de la animación, del cine y el arte.


"Boogie-Doodle is a 1940 drawn-on-film visual music short by Norman McLaren, set to the boogie-woogie music of African-American jazz pianist Albert Ammons.

Though released by the National Film Board of Canada (NFB) in 1941, Boogie-Doodle was actually made by McLaren in New York City in 1940, a year before he was invited by John Grierson to Canada to found the NFB's animation unit. McLaren, who had been influenced by the hand-painted films of Len Lye, was in New York exploring the technique on a grant from the Solomon Guggenheim Foundation, creating Boogie-Doodle along with three other cameraless films: Dots, Loops and Stars and Stripes. The animation in Boogie-Doodle coincides exactly with Ammon's musical piece, with McLaren's animation beginning at the very first bar and concluding at the final note."


"Norman McClaren is one of the most awarded filmmakers in the history of Canadian cinema, and a pioneer in both animation and filmmaking. Born in Scotland, he entered the Glasgow School of Fine Arts in 1932 to study set design. His early experiments in animation included actually scratching and painting the film stock itself, as he did not have ready access to a camera. In the early 30s he worked as a cameraman in Scotland and England, and in 1936 went to Spain to film the Civil War. He emigrated to the US in 1939, aware that war was imminent, and in 1941, at the invitation of John Grierson, he moved to Canada to work for the National Film Board.

McClaren made several propaganda films for the NFB, but continued develop his experimental work in his spare time. He later founded the animation department at the NFB, where he was at his most prolific. His most famous work, Neighbours (1952), utilized a style of animation known as pixilation, where the camera films moving people and objects a few frames at a time, giving the action a frantic, unearthly look. The short film won McLaren an Oscar. He continued to use a variety of styles and techniques on his animated shorts, including the optical editor to film Pas de Deux (1968), filming through a prism for Line: Horizontal (1962) and also using live action featuring himself in Opening Speech (1960).


In addition to film, McLaren worked with UNESCO in the 50s and 60s on programs to teach film and animation techniques in China and India. His five part "Animated Motion" shorts, produced in the late 70s, are an excellent example of instruction on the basics of film animation.

McLaren died in 1987, leaving behind a lasting legacy to the film and animation world. The Canadian Film Board recognized this in 1989 by naming the CFB head office building the Norman McLaren Building."
(IMDb)


LINK

https://www.rapidshare.com/files/3082134462/1948BoogieDoodle.N.McLaren.www.nplus2.org.avi

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